Home Weight Loss Tips Semaglutide may help treat heart failure symptoms in type 2 diabetes

Semaglutide may help treat heart failure symptoms in type 2 diabetes

Semaglutide may help treat heart failure symptoms in type 2 diabetes

packaging for WegovyShare on Pinterest
Semaglutide medicine like Wegovy might assist deal with signs of coronary heart failure in kind 2 diabetes. Picture credit score: image alliance/Getty Photographs.
  • The prevalence of each weight problems and sort 2 diabetes is growing quickly.
  • One frequent complication of those situations is coronary heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), a situation with a poor prognosis and life-limiting signs.
  • There are presently no efficient therapies to focus on obesity-related HFpEF in folks with kind 2 diabetes.
  • New analysis means that semaglutide (Wegovy), which is often used for weight reduction, might scale back signs of coronary heart failure in folks with each kind 2 diabetes and weight problems.

Because the prevalence of weight problems will increase worldwide, the necessity for efficient therapies for associated well being situations is turning into extra pressing.

In the USA, greater than 42% of adults have weight problems, and round 35 million adults have kind 2 diabetes. For the many individuals with each situations, the chance of coronary heart failure is excessive.

The commonest type of coronary heart failure in folks with weight problems and sort 2 diabetes is coronary heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). As much as half of these with kind 2 diabetes will develop HFpEF, which leads to a severely impaired high quality of life and diminished life expectancy.

Regardless of the prevalence of HFpEF, there are presently no efficient therapies to focus on obesity-related HFpEF in folks with kind 2 diabetes.

Now, analysis means that semaglutide (Wegovy), a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist that was developed as a remedy for kind 2 diabetes and is an efficient weight-loss treatment, may assist scale back signs of HFpEF in folks with weight problems and sort 2 diabetes.

The examine seems in The New England Journal of Drugs.

Richard Wright, MD, board-certified heart specialist at Windfall Saint John’s Well being Heart in Santa Monica, CA, not concerned on this analysis, commented on the trial outcomes for Medical Information At the moment. He advised us that:

“This is a crucial trial which reinforces the idea that sufferers with the [symptoms] of coronary heart failure syndrome could be additional benefited by administration of a drug that was initially developed to cut back blood sugar and has now emerged as an essential method to scale back cardiovascular and coronary heart failure occasions, whereas concurrently bettering affected person’s useful capability and sense of well-being.”

Semaglutide — marketed as Wegovy or Ozempic — is a GLP-1 agonist that helps regulate blood sugar, and is used as a remedy for folks with kind 2 diabetes.

It additionally promotes weight reduction, and was permitted by the Meals and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2021 for long-term weight administration and as a remedy for folks with weight problems.

Research have discovered that it might additionally decrease cardiovascular dangers for folks with weight problems. One earlier trial discovered that one 12 months of remedy with semaglutide considerably decreased the 10-year danger of atherosclerotic heart problems.

In March 2024, the FDA permitted Wegovy to assist scale back the chance of cardiovascular demise, coronary heart assault, and stroke in adults with coronary heart illness who’ve weight problems or chubby.

Following a current examine, wherein researchers discovered that semaglutide diminished signs and bodily limitations and improved train operate in folks with HFpEF and weight problems, they determined to check the drug in folks with HFpEF, weight problems and sort 2 diabetes.

The researchers conducting the present trial recruited 616 members at 108 websites in 16 international locations. All members had HFpEF, a physique mass index (BMI) of 30 or extra, and sort 2 diabetes. They randomly assigned them to once-weekly injections of semaglutide (2.4 milligrams) or placebo for 52 weeks.

All members had been on different drugs, together with diuretics, renin-angiotensin system blockers, and beta-blockers, with round one-third of them additionally on mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists and sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors.

The examine had 2 main endpoints — the change within the Kansas Metropolis Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire medical abstract rating (KCCQ-CSS) and the share change in physique weight from baseline to week 52.

As well as, the researchers set secondary endpoints of change in 6-minute stroll distance, and alter in log reworked C-reactive protein — also referred to as “CRP,” a measure of irritation — ranges from baseline to the tip of the examine.

These within the semaglutide group had a bigger discount in coronary heart failure signs, with a imply enchancment of 13.7 factors on the KCCQ-CSS, in contrast with 6.4 factors for the placebo group.

In addition they misplaced extra weight than these on placebo, with a imply proportion weight lack of 9.8% within the remedy group and three.4% within the placebo group, and their CRP ranges diminished by 42% in opposition to 12.8% for the placebo group.

The load loss within the remedy group was 40% lower than members within the earlier trial on sufferers with coronary heart failure and weight problems with out kind 2 diabetes, however they nonetheless confirmed symptom enchancment, as Wright defined to MNT:

“It was anticipated that semaglutide would result in weight reduction [in] these overweight sufferers. Nonetheless, regardless of the relatively modest weight reduction with the drug on this trial, these sufferers with preserved ejection fraction coronary heart failure demonstrated clinically important enhancements in high quality of life, measures of useful capability, reductions in essential biomarkers together with NT proBNP and CRP, and numerically much less probability of coronary heart failure decompensation.”

Within the printed paper, the researchers hypothesize that the weight-loss-independent advantages of semaglutide in HFpEF “might embody direct results on decongestion; vascular, skeletal muscle, and mitochondrial operate; epicardial adipose tissue; irritation; and insulin resistance, elements that (not like weight reduction) could also be extra pronounced in sufferers with kind 2 diabetes than in these with out kind 2 diabetes.”

Nonetheless, Dr. Wright commented that “[t]he exact mechanism of those enhancements stays speculative however doesn’t look like purely associated to weight reduction.”

“Certainly,” he added, “a lot of the profit in these sufferers with coronary heart failure gave the impression to be manifest previous to any substantial weight reduction, strongly suggesting that the GLP-1 receptor agonist led to enhancements within the metabolic syndrome and the ‘coronary heart failure syndrome,’ impartial and maybe additive to these anticipated from weight reduction.”

Mir Ali, MD, bariatric surgeon and medical director of MemorialCare Surgical Weight Loss Heart at Orange Coast Medical Heart in Fountain Valley, CA, not concerned on this analysis, welcomed its findings.

“Based mostly on this examine, utilizing semaglutide can profit overweight diabetics with coronary heart failure,” he advised us.

Nonetheless, he added that, in his opinion, “a examine evaluating semaglutide with different meds to deal with diabetes and coronary heart failure could be useful.”

Wright famous that “[i]t now appears doubtless that cornerstone remedy for kind 2 diabetic sufferers with weight problems must be coadministration of an SGLT2 inhibitor and a GLP-1 receptor agonist, as an alternative of the historic and maybe now considerably out of date remedy with metformin and insulin.”

Whether or not their optimism is justified stays to be seen, however this examine means that semaglutide may very well be an efficient remedy for coronary heart failure related to diabetes.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here